While civilian authorities generally maintain effective control of the security forces, institutional government corruption sometimes can lead to their improper use. As of October, STB had changed its programming to take a more pro-Kuchma approach but continued to suffer from official pressure. For example, human rights lawyers who wish to represent prisoners are prohibited from establishing an association because the Government is required by the Constitution to provide lawyers for the accused. However, implementing criminal procedure legislation establishing juries has not been adopted. Many women's rights advocates fear that the law may be used to bar women from the best paying blue-collar jobs. As of August, , of them had acquired Ukrainian citizenship.
Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Belgium
Cases were reported in which prisoners were not permitted correspondence and family visits were allowed only once per year. Freedom of association also is restricted through a strict registration requirement that lends itself to political manipulation and corruption; however, in practice such regulations seldom are employed to restrict this freedom. Persons involved in property, inheritance, or divorce disputes were diagnosed wrongfully with schizophrenia and confined to psychiatric institutions. Under the current court system, cases are decided by judges who sit singly, occasionally with two public assessors "lay judges" or professional jurors with some legal training , or in groups of three for more serious cases. In February Sergey Korenev, a cameraman for the independent television station STB, was attacked in Lviv by unknown assailants, who also stole his equipment and videotapes. The Constitution stipulates that only courts may issue arrest warrants, but under its transitional provisions, the Prosecutor's Office retains the right to issue search and arrest warrants until
In some limited cases, the Constitutional Court can interpret law for individual citizens, when the applying citizen provides compelling proof that a constitutional provision is violated, or that it is interpreted differently by different government bodies. These factors undermine citizens' right to a fair trial. According to official statistics, about half the work force is employed formally in manufacturing, with the balance divided between services and agriculture; however, in reality many industrial enterprises have reduced or stopped production. The inability of the Council to achieve a quorum provided the Government with virtually unchallenged control over media licensing prior to the presidential election. Between and , soldiers were convicted of violent harassment of their colleagues; and approximately military personnel were prosecuted in for violent hazing 10 to 12 conscripts were beaten to death and 20 to 30 died from injuries related to hazing. Rusyns Ruthenians are calling for status as an official ethnic group in the country. In July a human rights group complained that the Ombudsman failed to investigate whether special police units beat prisoners during regular exercises in jails.
Despite government pressure and media self-censorship, the variety of newspapers and periodicals on the market, each espousing the view of its respective sponsor, provides a variety of opinion. However, there had been no known successful cases of its application by year's end. Police corruption also remains a serious problem. On August 27, unknown assailants beat up Hennadiy Fomenko, head of Socialist Party leader Moroz's election headquarters in Luhansk oblast province. The women wrote letters complaining about their treatment to the regional director of the Ministry of Interior and the regional prosecutor general.